What Are Sun Spots On Skin? How Do You Remove Them?

The sun can seriously harm our skin, but many of us aren’t fully aware of it. During the daytime, the sun’s rays can penetrate our skin deeply, causing illness and damage. Sometimes, these rays lead to burns or spots on our faces that are difficult to remove. 

Protecting our skin by wearing sunscreen and covering up outside, especially during peak sun hours, is essential. Taking simple precautions can reduce the risk of sun damage and keep our skin healthy.

In this blog, Kulani Spa will shed light on sun spots on skin and how to remove them. Let’s get started. 

Sun Spots On Skin | A Brief Overview

Sun spots, also known as solar lentigines or age spots, are flat brown or dark spots that appear on the skin due to prolonged exposure to sunlight. They are caused by an increase in the production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, in response to UV radiation from the sun. 

Sun spots on skin are quite common, especially in people with fair skin or those who spend a lot of time in the sun without protection. They typically appear on areas of the skin most exposed to sunlight, such as the face, hands, arms, and shoulders. [1]

While sun spots are usually harmless, they can affect a person’s appearance and may increase in number and size with continued sun exposure. It’s vital to protect the skin from the sun’s harmful rays to prevent the formation of new sun spots and to reduce the risk of skin damage and skin cancer.

Underlying Causes Of Sun Spots On Skin

If you face sun spots on your skin, it’s essential to have an eye for the underlying causes. Understanding the causes of sun spots on the skin can help us take preventive measures to protect our skin.

1. UV Radiation Exposure

Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the primary cause of sun spots. UV radiation stimulates melanin production; hence, the pigment appears on the skin. 

2. Fair Skin

People with fair skin are more prone to developing sun spots because they have less melanin to protect their skin from UV radiation. This is because fair-skinned individuals have less natural protection against the sun. [2]

3. Aging

As we age, our skin becomes less able to repair itself from sun damage. Over time, accumulated exposure to UV radiation can lead to the development of sun spots. 

3. Sunburns

 Sunburns increase the risk of developing sun spots. When the skin is sunburned, it undergoes inflammation and damage, which can trigger the overproduction of melanin and lead to dark spots on the skin. 

4. Tanning Beds

Excessive use of tanning beds or indoor tanning devices exposes the skin to high levels of UV radiation, similar to natural sunlight. If possible, tanning beds should be used cautiously to protect the skin from harmful UV rays. 

Sun Spot Removal Options

People with sun spots on their skin don’t have to worry much! Because some curable methods can make you look flawless again. 

1. Topical Treatments

  Topical treatments containing hydroquinone, retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), or vitamin C can help fade sun spots. These ingredients exfoliate the skin, reduce melanin production, and promote skin cell turnover. [3]

2. Chemical Peels

Chemical peels involve applying a chemical solution to the skin, which exfoliates the outer layer and promotes the growth of new, healthier skin cells. Superficial chemical peels containing ingredients like glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) can help lighten sun spots and improve skin texture. 

3. Laser Therapy

Laser therapy uses focused beams of light to target and break down melanin deposits in the skin. Laser therapy can effectively lighten sun spots and improve skin tone and texture. Multiple sessions may be required for optimal results, and downtime and side effects like redness and swelling are possible.

4. Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive exfoliation technique that uses a handheld device to gently sand away the outer layer of the skin, including sun spots. This procedure stimulates collagen production and promotes the growth of new skin cells, leading to smoother, more even-toned skin. 

5. Natural Remedies

Some natural remedies may help lighten sun spots over time. Ingredients like lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, aloe vera, and green tea extract have been suggested to have skin-brightening properties. These remedies can be applied topically to the affected areas, but proceeding cautiously and performing a patch test is essential to avoid irritation. [4]

Conclusion

Sun spots are harmless but can affect the appearance of the skin and may increase in number over time. It’s essential to consult with a dermatologist to determine the most suitable treatment approach based on your skin type and the severity of your sun spots. 

To explore professional sun spot removal treatments and achieve clearer, healthier-looking skin, schedule a consultation at Kulani Spa today! Contact us to book your appointment and take the first step towards rejuvenating your skin.

FAQs

1. Can sun spots be completely removed?

No, suns pots cannot be removed entirely. They are natural features on the sun’s surface caused by intense magnetic activity. While treatments like laser therapy can reduce their appearance on the skin, they cannot be entirely removed.

2. Can sun spots go away naturally?

Sun spots on skin can fade over time but typically do not go away completely alone. They may become less prominent as they age and new ones form, but they often leave behind marks on the skin. Using sunscreen and protective clothing can help prevent new sunspots from forming.

References: 

[1]https://www.michelegreenmd.com/sunspots-skin#:~:text=Unfortunately%2C%20sunspots%20do%20not%20fade,an%20expert%2C%20such%20as%20Dr

[2]https://www.healthline.com/health/sunspots-on-face#:~:text=Brown%20spots%20on%20your%20face,like%20laser%20resurfacing%20and%20microdermabrasion.&text=Sunspots%2C%20also%20known%20as%20liver,solar%20lentigines%2C%20are%20very%20common

[3]https://www.nivea-me.com/en-me/advice/skin/what-are-sunspots-and-how-to-remove-them 

[4]https://olay.co.uk/skin-care-tips/spf/how-to-remove-and-get-rid-of-sun-spots-from-face 

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Sabina Gordon

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