Sun Spots On Skin -Causes, Treatment And Prevention

Sun spots on skin can happen in both summer and winter. Even though we’re more covered in winter, we should still be careful in the sun because UV rays can cause spots all over our bodies. Sun spots are becoming more concerning due to strong UV rays, ozone depletion, and other environmental factors. But don’t worry. Professional skincare treatments can help cure these spots, so there’s no need for panic.

This blog will shed light on the causes, prevention, and treatment you can have for your sun spots on skin. Keep reading!

Sun Spots On Skin  | Causes And Know-How

Sun spots on the skin are primarily caused by prolonged exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. They often appear as flat, brownish patches on the skin’s surface. 

These spots appear more frequently in areas of the body regularly exposed to sunlight, such as the face, hands, shoulders, and arms. Sun spots are also known as age spots or liver spots and are more common in older adults. [1]

Over time, these UV rays can damage the skin’s melanocytes, which are responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. When melanocytes become overactive or damaged, they can produce excess melanin in certain areas, forming sun spots. 

Other factors that can contribute to the development of sun spots on skin include genetics, hormonal changes, and certain medications that increase sensitivity to sunlight.

Treatment Options For Sun Spots

Several treatment options are available for sun spots, ranging from topical creams and chemical peels to laser therapy and cryotherapy. These treatments aim to reduce the appearance of sun spots on skin by targeting the excess pigmentation. [2]

Let’s have a look at them.

1. Topical Lightening Creams And Serums

Topical lightening creams and serums are commonly used to treat sun spots on skin. These products contain ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, or vitamin C, which work to lighten and fade the pigmented areas of the skin. They are applied directly to the affected areas and are often recommended for mild to moderate cases of sun spots.

2. Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are another treatment option for sun spots. A solution containing exfoliating agents like alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is applied to the skin during a chemical peel. It causes the top layer to peel off. This process helps remove the pigmented cells on the skin’s surface, leading to a smoother and more even complexion.

3. Laser Treatments

Laser treatments are highly effective for treating sun spots. During laser treatment, concentrated beams of light are used to target and break down the excess pigment in the skin. This process encourages the body to naturally remove damaged cells, resulting in clearer, more evenly toned skin. [3]

4. Microneedling

To treat sun spots on skin, microneedling is also a better option. It involves using a device with fine needles to create tiny punctures on the skin’s surface. This stimulates the body’s natural healing process, increasing collagen production and gradually fading sun spots over time.

5. Cryotherapy

Cryotherapy is a treatment that involves using freezing agents, like liquid nitrogen, to target and destroy the excess pigmented cells in the skin. This prompts the body to shed the damaged cells, allowing new, healthier skin with reduced sun spots to emerge.

Kulani Spa provides professional insight and treatments for your skin-related issues. You can consult our services for better results. 

How To Prevent Sun Spots?

Preventing sun spots is crucial, with sun protection being the key. Here’s what you can do. 

  • Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher daily helps to protect the skin from both UVA and UVB rays. 
  • It’s essential to apply sunscreen generously and reapply every two hours, especially if sweating or swimming.
  • Wearing sun-protective clothing can provide further defense against sun damage. This includes wearing wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved shirts, and sunglasses with UV protection. [4]
  • Seeking shade during peak sun hours, typically between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun’s rays are strongest, can also help reduce exposure.
  • Antioxidants such as vitamins C and E help neutralize free radicals generated by UV exposure, which can contribute to skin damage and premature aging.
  • Avoiding tanning beds is essential, as they emit UV radiation that can damage the skin and increase the risk of sun spots and skin cancer.
  • Opt for sunless tanning products if you desire a bronzed appearance.

By following these preventive measures and prioritizing sun protection, you can help reduce the risk of developing sun spots and maintain healthier, clearer skin for the long term.


Sun exposure is the primary culprit behind sun spots, making sun protection crucial. Professional skincare treatments such as laser therapy, chemical peels, micro needling, and cryotherapy offer effective solutions for reducing the appearance of sun spots. Furthermore, preventive measures help minimize the risk of sun spot development.

If you seek professional guidance on the treatment of sun spots, Kulani Spa is your one-stop solution. Take guidance on which treatment would be better for your skin and book the treatment.  For details or services, contact us


1. What Is The Best Way To Treat Sun Spots?

The best way to treat sun spots is through professional skincare treatments such as laser therapy, chemical peels, or topical creams containing ingredients like hydroquinone or retinoids.

2. Can You Permanently Remove Sun Spots?

While it’s possible to fade sun spots with treatments significantly, it’s challenging to permanently remove them as they may reappear with continued sun exposure. Regular sun protection and skincare routines can help prevent new sun spots from forming.







author avatar
Sabina Gordon

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